Sinkil dance takes its name from the bells worn on the ankles of the Muslim princess. Perhaps one of the oldest of truly Filipino dances, the Singkil recounts the epic legend of the \"Darangan\" of the Maranao people of Mindanao. This epic, written sometime in the 14th century, tells the fateful story of Princess Gandingan, who was caught in the middle of a forest during an earthquake caused by the diwatas, or fairies or nymph of the forest.
Pagaper depicts a royal manner of \"walking\" among the Maranao people who live mainly around Lake Lanao. Ladies of the royal court perform this stately dance in preparation for an important event. The ladies gracefully manipulate the Aper (apir) or fan, while emphasizing their small steps, or \"kini-kini\", which is a sign of good upbringing.
Darangen is a Maranao epic poem from the Lake Lanao region of Mindanao, Philippines. It consists of 17 cycles with 72,000 lines in iambic tetrameter or catalectic trochaic tetrameter. Each cycle pertains to a different self-contained story. The most notable of which deals with the exploits of the hero Bantugan.
The Darangen does not have a single author, but is rather a collection of tales passed down orally from generation to generation. It has 72,000 lines divided into 17 cycles (also called books or episodes) in iambic tetrameter or catalectic trochaic tetrameter. Each of the cycles can be treated as an independent story, but they are all connected sequentially. The epic is also recorded in the archaic Maranao language, which differs significantly from the modern colloquial version of Maranao.
A full performance of the entire epic usually takes about a week. In modern times, however, it is more common to only perform parts of the epic, which usually lasts for a few hours. The chanting or singing is commonly accompanied by dances and musical performances using traditional Maranao instruments like kulintang gong ensembles, Tambor drums, and kudyapi stringed instruments.
Radia Indarapatra is an ancestor of Bantugan, a renowned epic hero from the Maranao epic Darangen, based on the Ramayana. This story of Rajah Indarapatra, mythological hero of Magindanao, and his brother, Sulayman, is based on a myth recounted by Najeeb M. Saleeby, in one of his books on the Moros; According to him, this myth came from Datu Kali, who in turn learned it from Maharajah Layla of Magindanao and Alad, a very old and intelligent Moro.
The epic tells us of pre-Islamic Maranao culture and providesinformation about the earliest contacts with Islamic missionaries. Thusthrough the Darangen story we can gain an understanding, on a folk-traditionlevel, not only of native Maranao folk ways but also of the type of socialconditions that existed when the Maranao contacted and adopted Islam. Becauseof the shortage of historical materials, such information is of great valueto the researcher, and this is why I sincerely hope that this Darangenpublishing program will continue until its completion.
Most scenes are wordless so the story is truly moved forward dance-by-dance. Even without distinct narration it is easy enough to understand the general order of events. At the Pulangi River, the Bemberan people are happy under their sultan. A sorceress turns the sultan into a stone and a foreigner usurps the throne by forcing a marriage to an heiress. The prince of Bemberan returns to find the village destroyed. The Bemberan people fight against the foreigner to regain their territory and sovereignty. On paper, it is a straightforward narrative, but the outstanding beauty of the performance cannot be fully encompassed in print.
Comprising 17 cycles and a total of 72,000 lines, the Darangen celebrates episodes from Maranao history and the tribulations of mythical heroes. In addition to having a compelling narrative content, the epic explores the underlying themes of life and death, courtship, love and politics through symbol, metaphor, irony and satire. The Darangen also encodes customary law, standards of social and ethical behaviour, notions of aesthetic beauty, and social values specific to the Maranao. To this day, elders refer to this time-honoured text in the administration of customary law.
The epic poem is a long narrative poem that usually recounts stories of heroism. The protagonists of epic poems are often kings, knights, heroes, or else extraordinary people who change the fate of history.
Singkil recounts the epic legend Darangan of the Maranao people of Mindanao, written in the 14th century. It tells of the story of Princess Gandingan who was teased by the diwatas or fairies in the forest who caused the earth to quake felling trees and eroding rocks. Princess Gandingan and her servant, however, nimbly avoids them and comes out unscathed. In some versions she is saved by a swashbuckling prince.
Vinta, choreographed by Caringal, is an abstract interpretation of the sails of the indigenous Moro boats, with dancers gracefully depicting boatmen. With music from Vangelis, this Filipino ballet was originally created for Lisa Macuja and Manny Molina with Liza dela Fuente and Maritoni Rufino as the second leads in the 8th Season of PBT in 1994. 1e1e36bf2d